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 History and Facts  

The county's terrain is rolling and the official elevation is 2,500 feet. Thirty-one miles of the scenic Blue Ridge Parkway form the eastern border of the county.

Early land surveys show an attempt to settle the area now known as Floyd as early as the 1740's. Land records show settlements by 1748 and 1750. However, the county was not officially formed until January 15,1831, when an act of the Virginia General Assembly created Floyd from neighboring Montgomery County. The county was named after the governor of Virginia, John Floyd.

The current County seat, originally named Jacksonville for the seventh president, Andrew Jackson (1829-1837), was completed in 1834. Manassah Tice (5 acres) and Abraham Phlegar (1 acre) gave land for the county seat. The town was incorporated in 1858 and its name was changed from Jacksonville to Floyd in 1896. Floyd has some 238,578 acres and rises some 2,432 feet above sea level. Buffalo Mountain, at 3,971 feet, is the highest point in the county.

Shaped like an elongated triangle, the county lies between the scenic Blue Ridge Parkway and two interstates. (No four-lane highways are within our borders, but thirty-one miles of the Parkway are in Floyd County.)

Floyd is a county of small mountains, valleys, ridges, and small streams. No water flows into the county; all sources of water arise within the county and flow out of the county's borders. Little River, the county's largest waterway is formed by three main branches, or forks: the East, West, and South (also known as Dodd's Creek) forks.

Nickel, cobalt, iron,copper,arsenic and soapstone were mined at one time in various parts of the county.

The spiritual needs of the county are served by a variety of denominations. Topeco Church of the Brethren is believed to be the first brick church in the county. While the church was formed in 1800, the brick structure was not completed until 1857, at a cost of $1300.

Iddings Chapel was the first Methodist church in the county, established in 1920.

The first Baptist church was New Haven, established in 1857.

Jacksonville Presbyterian Church was the first Presbyterian church. It was established in 1853.

Floyd County population in 2010 was 15,279 per the Census. This was an increase of just over 10%.   This increase can be attributed to the beautiful farms and forests, the cultural vitality, the advanced telecommunication technology, the strong school system, the availability of local foods and wines and close proximity to Virginia Tech.

More 2010 Census info            

Floyd County has a land area of 383 square miles and is located in the Blue Ridge province of the southwestern part of Virginia. The county seat, The Town of Floyd, is one hour southwest of Roanoke on U.S. 221. Floyd is one hour west of Martinsville, and 90 minutes north of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

The county's terrain is rolling and the official elevation is 2,500 feet. Thirty-one miles of the scenic Blue Ridge Parkway form the majority of the eastern border of the county. Because Floyd County is the point of origin for its rivers and streams, there is only a slight flood hazard in the county.

From The Floyd County Government Web Site
According to tradition, present day Floyd County was among the first areas explored when Virginia Colonists began to push into the mountains of Virginia. In the mid-to-late 1600's, expeditions began to map the area that was then principally a hunting-grounds by Indians, including the Canawhay tribe. The first white settlements in the area occurred in the mid-18th century. By the 1790's, English, German, French, Scottish and Irish immigrants settled in what is now Floyd County. One of the first industries, Spangler’s Mill, was also established in this time period. Watermills such as this one continue to symbolize the resourcefulness of residents and the importance of natural resources and living in touch with the land.

Coming onto the crest in what is now Floyd County, settlers were often astounded by the natural beauty, particularly in the Spring when the Chestnut blooms made a sea of white. Writing of their new plateau homeland, they often referred to it as "our beautiful mountain."

Land in the southwest portion of the County that was ceded by the Cherokee Nation to the British in 1768 was, in turn, part of the large land grant made to Lighthorse Harry Lee, father of Robert E. Lee and Charles Carter Lee. The latter moved to the County and penned what is believed to be the first book written here, The Maid of the Doe. It was a book of poetry about the Revolutionary War. Part of that Lee property, Buffalo Mountain, is now a natural recreation area.

In 1831, Floyd County was established and was named for Governor John Floyd. Governor Floyd was a native the Montgomery County, the parent County of Floyd. Reflecting early and strong commitment to education in the community, the Jacksonville Academy was established in 1846. It served students from Floyd and surrounding counties. The Jacksonville Academy was located in one of the two buildings that is now Schoolhouse Fabrics.

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the local economy was dominated by agriculture. Textile manufacturing rose and fell during this time. The construction of the Blue Ridge Parkway during the Great Depression brought some needed work to the County, and more importantly created a linear park and access way to introduce travelers to the arts, crafts and music of Floyd County. Mabry Mill, located in Floyd County, is one of the most visited and photographed sites along the 469-mile length of the Blue Ridge Parkway. The Rocky Knob recreation area along the Parkway also features hiking, camping and panoramic views.

By the 1970’s, Floyd County was “discovered” by the back-to-the-landers seeking rural refuge. Many of the new residents were artists or artisans. In Floyd County, they found a land of natural beauty, a unique geography with all waters flowing out, rich hand-craft and music traditions, and open opportunities for creative living. These same assets and the culture of creativity now attract many travelers to Floyd, which has seen a dramatic increase in tourism. Sites of interest include: Chateau Morrisette, The Country Store, The Jacksonville Center, Floydfest, The Pickin’ Porch, 16 Hands, the June Bug Center, and the Harvest Moon. For more information, see the Floyd County Chamber of Commerce website.

Thanks in part to the natural, cultural and technological amenities (see Citizens, local telecommunications cooperative), the population of Floyd County in 2000 was up 16% over 1990, to 13, 872 people.

From the 1700’s to now, as Americans still seek their own piece of ground, a better way of life, and a safe place to be, they continue to re-discover Floyd County.

Photo credit: Top to Bottom - Don Johnson, Don Johnson, Doug Thompson, Bill Bell, Doug Thompson, Don Johnson, Bill Bell